Agreement On Agriculture And Its Implications On Indian Agriculture

Among the implications highlighted for developing countries are: agriculture is the oldest crop in all of human civilization. The history of agriculture in India goes back ten thousand years. The WTO succeeds the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), established in 1947. GaTT held a total of eight rounds. The WTO agreement on agriculture, known as the “international treaty,” was one of the largest agreements negotiated during the Uruguay Round, involving a total of 123 countries. The objectives of WTO legislation are to promote free and liberal trade. But there has been widespread abuse of this concept. Exporting countries have begun to sell their products to importing countries, which has posed a serious threat to the economies of developing countries, particularly to India`s agriculture. It should be noted that all of these issues are exclusively within the framework of our own initiatives and decisions. WTO meetings on the agricultural agreement should take into account all the other important issues common to many other developing countries in the same socio-economic belt and analyze their impact on Indian agriculture from India`s perspective. We must also be aware that sitting at the negotiating table without proper study and assessment of the possible effects of forced settlements as part of the mandatory reform process will seriously affect not only our agricultural production and distribution, but also the fundamental viability of the country`s agricultural economy.: The Conference of State Ministers of Agriculture and Food on 14 September , 2000, presented a document that highlights the essential features of the agreement and the likely issues that could be negotiated. The EU`s Ministry of Commerce supported the views expressed at the Conference of Ministers of State.

These documents are likely available to the public to attract input from interested parties, although, as usual, they were released far too late to allow for meaningful debate. In accordance with Article 20 of the agreement, all members must submit their proposals by the end of December 2000. It is important that a similar situation does not occur in the current fiscal year in agriculture – an area of great importance for our economy, which is essentially geared towards agriculture. India`s strategies would be made up of many elements. It is important to introduce and apply the impact of the agreement on agriculture on Indian agriculture, including production, pricing, imports and exports, current tariffs and promised revisions. Available data show that, given our negative overall overall support for the status quo, there is considerable flexibility in tariffs, which means that there should be no obligation to reduce tariffs by 13% by 2004. India has never considered taking full advantage of the benefits it has under the green box provisions, including research and development spending, national food aid and public food assistance, food security, insurance, etc. Similarly, India has not resorted to safeguards or has not used certain developing countries. Since all relevant bills on agricultural issues, such as the Biodiversity Act and the Plant Protection Act, have not yet been passed, there is a great deal of uncertainty as to how we can optimize our efforts in the area of sustainable agriculture and adequate food security. There have been no policy decisions regarding new food crops developed by modern biotechnology, nor their production and prices, all important aspects that affect world trade. Labelling, production and marketing authorization for genetically modified foods are all issues that remain to be resolved.

The WTO agreement on agriculture has negative and positive effects on Indian agriculture.

Comments are closed