The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The promise that the government`s position in the negotiations on future relations will be consistent with the political declaration attached to the withdrawal agreement. The bill gives the government new powers in several areas, including Northern Ireland, to amend Brexit-related laws through secondary laws, rather than having the potential to reduce parliamentary scrutiny. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”. On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  But the Conservatives promised in their election manifesto that there would be no extension of the transition period, and Johnson reiterated that promise on numerous occasions during the election campaign, probably to increase the UK`s influence in its negotiations with the EU next year and allay any lingering fears of the Conservative party that a prolonged transition could become a path to a softer Brexit. The revised MDV, adopted at second reading on Friday, nullifies a clause in the previous version that gave MPs the right to authorize an extension of the transition period and instead contains a new clause, #33, which states that “the prohibition on extending the transposition period. A Minister of the Crown cannot accept, in the joint committee [the representatives of the EU and the United Kingdom who jointly manage the transposition period], an extension of the transposition period. The text defines the “closing day” of the transposition period as the 31st. On 22 October 2019, .m house of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to grant a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) but, when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   In addition to excluding an extension, the Independent states that the amended withdrawal agreement could be subject to “provisions that ensure that workers` rights will not be weakened after Brexit.” Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement.  After reports on Johnson`s renewal bill appeared on Monday night, sterling fell more than 0.5% in early Asian trade.