Countries reaffirmed the flexibility to submit adaptation notifications in other documents. For example, countries may submit their adaptation communication as part of an NDC, a national communication, a national adaptation plan or another document. The only requirement is that countries must clearly indicate that their submission contains the adaptation communication under the Paris Agreement. Countries also have the opportunity to provide information on adaptation under the expanded transparency framework. The following figure shows the similarities and differences between Rulebook`s decisions. Parties to the UNFCCC must submit regular national reports on the measures they are taking to implement the Convention. National communications, which are submitted every four years, contain the information required by the Convention and additional information related to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. At COP24, countries adopted the necessary guidelines to develop their adaptation communication. Countries adopted the specific objectives of these submissions, including the contribution to the global inventory, and noted that communication should remain country-oriented and flexible so as not to represent additional burdens.
In order to improve information on adaptation to climate change, the Paris Agreement invites countries to submit adaptation notifications. They can discuss adaptation priorities, assistance and implementation needs, and plans and actions. The Paris Agreement also notes that countries can submit adaptation notifications under other documents such as NCPDs, transparency reports or national adaptation plans. Countries have not wanted to bear additional burdens and maintain their flexibility, so the agreement leaves them the choice of which vehicle or vehicles they submit their notifications by. In Katowice, countries tried to answer two questions: what information should be included in adaptation communications and how should adaptation notifications be presented? Countries decided that adaptation notifications should focus on forward-looking information, including that of each country: countries completed their work on adaptation communication, but decided to take stock of the 2025 guidelines. Countries are also seeking additional guidance on reporting on adaptation and have requested the Adaptation Committee and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to provide additional guidance in 2022. Finland`s second biennial report under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Countries may also exchange additional information if they deem it appropriate. The biennial report produces accurate data in table format on quantified macroeconomic emission reduction targets and progress towards the targets.
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